KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia — The global supply of natural rubber (NR) likely will fall short of demand in 2017, according to the April 2017 issue of Natural Rubber Trends & Statistics, the official publication of the Association of Natural Rubber Producing Countries.
The ANRPC projects the world NR supply in 2017 at 12.3 million metric tons, including 11.2 million tons from the association's 11 Southeast Asian member countries, 177,000 tons from Brazil and 924,000 tons from other countries, according to the publication.
This represents a 5.7 percent increase in supply over 2016, the ANRPC said. However, this still won't be enough to meet this year's demand, which will rise 1.8 percent to 12.8 million tons, it said.
The NR market has been dominated by reports of oversupply over the past couple of years, thanks to large-scale planting of Hevea brasiliensis trees beginning in 2010, according to the preface to the April 2017 issue by ANRPC Secretary General Nguyen Ngoc Bich.
"In this context, ANRPC has made a scientific assessment of the area to be newly opened for tapping during all the years from now," Mr. Bich wrote. "Along with this, we have accounted the acreage of trees cut down for replanting and also the acreage discarded or perished."
This assessment led the ANRPC to project a supply shortfall, according to Mr. Bich. This shortfall is expected to widen to 688,000 tons in June 2017 before narrowing to 46,000 tons in December, he said.
"The current phase of low rubber prices is largely a manifestation of a downtrend prevailing in all commodities, rather than a phenomenon specific to rubber," Mr. Bich said.
An anticipated upward revision of U.S. policy market rates in June 2017 have caused investors to switch from commodities to U.S. Treasury bonds, he said.
The International Monetary Fund anticipates an average 18-percent increase in commodity prices in 2017 over 2016, according to Mr. Bich. However, the strength of the U.S. dollar impedes any price increases in NR, and the dollar is likely to stay strong unless the U.S. government intervenes to weaken it, he said.
ANRPC member countries exported 2.99 million tons of NR during January-April 2017, compared with imports of 2.12 million tons, the association said. Exports climbed 7.1 percent and imports 3 percent during the period, it said.