Ms. Griffin's concerns became the subject of two NBC News stories and inspired calls from Congress and elsewhere to ban crumb rubber infill.
The WSDOH analysis:
- Compared cancer types, rates and changes among Washington State and U.S. residents aged five to 24;
- Reviewed the scientific and medical literature to understand factors that increased the likelihood of getting leukemia or lymphoma as a child or adolescent; and
- Reviewed research on the relationship of crumb rubber, recycled rubber products and artificial turf to human health.
"Using Coach Griffin's list to identify soccer players with cancer, this investigation found less cancer among the soccer players than expected based on rates of cancer among Washington residents of the same ages," the executive summary said.
"The Washington State Department of Health recommends that people who enjoy soccer continue to play, irrespective of the type of field surface," it said.
The WSDOH analysis is one of several studies inspired by Ms. Griffin's concerns.
One study by the Dutch National Institute for Public Health, issued in December 2016, concluded that playing sports on crumb rubber turf was safe.
Also in December, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a status report on its ongoing study of the possible health and environmental effects of crumb rubber athletic turf. The results of the research should be available sometime in 2017, the EPA said.
The California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment is conducting its own study of the environmental and health effects of crumb rubber turf infill that is expected to be completed mid-2019.