FRANKFURT, Germany-Asia was a major focus of tire makers seeking technical and off-take agreements during the past 12 months. Continental AG was most active in such deals, taking over a technology supplier role in Indonesia, setting up an industrial tire off-take agreement in China, creating a radial tire production joint venture in India and allowing its Continental Barum subsidiary to link up with Russia's Moscow Tire.
Pirelli, traditionally the most active in technology licensing, entered a period of consolidation last year, as sales of hardware and technology to third parties in 1995 dropped 17 percent from 1994.
The following is an alphabetical listing of major tire makers and their respective technical partners worldwide, other than wholly or majority-owned subsidiaries.
Companies listed in boldface type are providing technology to those listed below them. An asterisk (*) following a company's name indicates it is a minority-owned subsidiary of the company supplying technology. Two asterisks (**) mean it is a former subsidiary.
Avon IEC Ltd., Jubayl, Saudi Arabia;
Delta Tyres, Islamabad, Pakistan;
Kelaniya Tyre, Kelaniya, Sri Lanka;
Mega Tyres, Semarang, Indonesia;
Silverstone Tire & Rubber Co., Taiping, Malaysia.
Moscow Tire Co., Moscow, Russia;
Tyre Corp. of India, Kankinara, India.
Bridgestone Sabanci Tire Mfg. & Trading Co. (BRISA), Izmit, Turkey;
Kenda Rubber Industrial Co., Taiwan.
Firestone de Costa Rica, San Jose;
Firestone East Africa Ltd., Kenya;
Firestone S.A. Pty. Ltd., South Africa;
Neumaticos de Chile S.A., Coquimbo.
Bonsa Tyre Co. Ltd., Bonsaso, Ghana;
Chongqing Tyre Factory, China;
Dunlop India Ltd., Calcutta, India (aircraft tires only);
Liaoning Tyre, Chao Yang, China;
Petlas Rubber Industry & Trade Co., Ankara, Turkey (aircraft tires only);
BTR also participates in a worldwide exchange of technology with other Dunlop companies.
Apollo Tyres Ltd., Perambra, India;
Grupo Carso (Compania Hulera Euzkadi S.A./General Tire de Mexico S.A.), Mexico City, Mexico;
Gentyre Industries Ltd., South Africa;
J.K. Industries Ltd., Kanroli, India;
Modi Rubber Ltd., Modipuram, India;
PT Oroban Pekasi, Jakarta, Indonesia;
Rong Chen Guotai, China;
Sava Semperit, Sava, Slovenia
Stomil Olsztyn S.A., Olsztyn, Poland (farm tires only).
Compania Ecuatoriana del Caucho S.A., Cuenca, Ecuador;
General Tire & Rubber Co. of Morocco, Casablanca, Morocco;
General Tyre East Africa Ltd., Arusha, Tanzania;
General Tyre & Rubber Co. of Pakistan Ltd., Karachi, Pakistan;
Mabor de Mocambique, Mocambique.
Nippon Giant Tire Co., Tatsuno, Japan (a 50-/50- joint venture with Toyo Tire);
South Asia Tyre Ltd., Aurangabad, India (a 50-50 joint venture with Ceat Ltd.)
South Pacific Tyre Co. Ltd., Melbourne, Australia, (a 50-50 joint venture Pacific Dunlop Ltd. of Australia);
Tycon Pty Ltd., South Africa.
Anlas Anadolu Lastik Sanayi ve Ticaret A.S., Istanbul, Turkey;
Associated Rubber Industries Ltd., Colombo, Sri Lanka;
Fung Keong Rubber Manufacturing, Kelang, Malaysia;
Kenda Rubber Industries, Taiwan;
Korea Inoue Kasei, South Korea;
Inoue Rubber (Thailand) Co. Ltd.;
P.T. Gadjah Tunggal, Indonesia;
Iranian Ministry of Industry, Tehran,
Omskshina, Omsk, Russia;
Dong Feng Lion Tyre, China;
Chemical Ministry, Havanna, Cuba.
MSF Tire & Rubber Inc., Philippines;
Siam Tire Industry Co. Ltd., Hong Khae, Thailand;
Through its Uniroyal Goodrich Tire Co. subsidiary, Michelin also supplies technology to:
PT Intirub, Jakarta, Indonesia;
Lima Caucho SA, Lima, Peru;
MRF Ltd., Madras, India;
Tigar-Pirot, Pirot, Yugoslavia.
Alexandria Tyre Co. S.A.E., Egypt;
Anhui Tyre, Hofei Province, China;
Birla Industries Ltd., Balasore, India;
Beijing No. 4, Beijing, China;
Chang Chun, Chang Chun, China;
China National Machinery, China;
Haikou Rubber, Haikou, China;
Hualin Tyre, China;
Pars Tyre, Savah, Iran;
Qingdao No. 2 Rubber Co., China;
Societe Tunisienne de l'Industrie du Pneumatique, Sousse, Tunisa.
DMIB Bhd, Selangor, Malaysia;
Dunlop India Ltd., Calcutta, India;
Dunlop Ltd. (BTR), England;
Federal Corp., Taipei, Taiwan*;
Hwa Fong Rubber Industrial Co. Ltd., Yuanlin, Taiwan;
Nokian Tyres Ltd., Nokia, Finland;
Ohtsu Tire & Rubber Co. Ltd., Japan;
Sime Darby Tyre Technology Centre Sdn Bhd., Selangor, Malaysia;
Sime Tyres International (M) Sdn Bhd, Alor Setar, Malaysia.
Cheng Shin Rubber Industry Ltd., Tapei, Taiwan;
Cheng Shin-Toyo Tire & Rubber (China) Co. Ltd., Kun Shan/Jian Su, China.
P.T. Elangperdana Tyre Industry, Bogor, Indonesia;
Vredestein FKR (M'sia), Malaysia;
Addis Tyre Co. S.C., Ethiopa;
Ceat Tyres of India Ltd., Bombay;
Hankook Tire Manufacturing Co. Ltd., Yong Dungpo, South Korea;
Nankang Rubber Tire Corp., Taiwan;
P.T. Gadjah Tunggal, Indonesia.